BMD is used to evaluate bone mass and fracture risk by osteoporosis.
What is osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes thinning and weakening of the bones. Normally the bone is regenerated regularly. With osteoporosis, new bone tissue is not produced in sufficient quantity to replace removed bone tissue. This causes a loss of bone mass or bone density, which may lead to fragility fractures after minor trauma.
When coming in for your exam, make sure to bring:
Osteoporosis is not just related to aging. Factors that may increase the risk of osteoporosis include:
The most common fractures occur at the spine, hip (e.g. after a fall) and wrist (e.g. when trying to break a fall).
Vertebral fractures by gradual crushing may go unnoticed and cause a loss of height or stooped posture. These fractures are not always accompanied by pain. Only one third of all vertebral fractures will be brought to the doctor's attention.
It is important to reduce the risk of osteoporosis to a minimum. This includes understanding who is at risk for osteoporosis and establish a treatment quickly to prevent the disease. If someone already has osteoporosis, early screening is essential to prevent fractures.
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